СENTRAL Park (Central Park) is the most visited park in the United States. In the year it is about 25 million people. The size of the park: 4 km long and 0.8 km wide. Rectangular area of the park - a green island of tranquility in bustling Manhattan. Despite the fact that Central Park is not a building or structure is a magnificent architectural creation in New York. His stories were different times, he experienced periods of devastation and desolation, but Central Park has always played an important role in the life of New York.
By the mid-19th century on the site of the park has a small farm and miserable hovels of the poor. Fast-growing New York needed a place where thousands of tired people who are unable to leave the city, would be able to rest and relax. In 1853, 320 hectares in the heart of Manhattan Island became the property of the city, and in 1857 was a competition for the design of the park. Won a joint project, in Olmstead (Frederick Law Olmsted, Calvert Vaux), an unusually diverse landscape. Central Park was opened to the public in 1859, but for the realization of the plan of tremendous effort. For 20 years, approximately 20,000 workers moved vast amounts of land, planted five million trees had drainage of wetlands, ponds dug and blasted rocky areas of the landscape.
Over time, the Central Park in New York and was complemented by upgraded playgrounds, sculptures, skating rinks and individual buildings, but a radical change "turf project" has not undergone. Central Park is a striking green spaces in the heart of New York.